Reading Check Lists for Major Series: Great Books of the Western World

Reading List

Great Books of the Western World

  • These books are listed in the sequence they appear in the series; links will be added when available. The idea is simply for one to be able to check off a book as read rather than to supply dates or sequence. In some cases the original language addition or alternative translations may also be given.

Ancient Greece



The Oresteia


The Oedipus Cycle






The Dialogues (translated by Benjamin Jowett)
  • Charmides | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Lysis | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Laches | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Protagoras | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Euthydemus | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Cratylus | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Phaedrus | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Ion | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Symposium | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Meno | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Euthyphro | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Apology | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Crito | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Phaedo | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Gorgias | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • The Republic | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Timaeus | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Critias | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Parmenides | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Theaetetus | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Sophist | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Statesman | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Philebus | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • Laws | The Dialogues of Plato; The Seventh Letter
  • The Seventh Letter | (translated by J. Harward)



Hippocratic Writings (Francis Adams)




The Works of Archimedes, Including The Method (Sir Thomas L. Heath)

Apollonius of Perga

  • Treatise on Conic Sections

Nicomachus of Gerasa

Ancient Rome



Marcus Aurelius



Cornelius Tacitus

  • The Annals | (Alfred John Church, and William Jackson Brodribb)
  • The Histories | (Alfred John Church, and William Jackson Brodribb)


Nicolaus Copernicus (Renaissance)

Johannes Kepler (Renaissance)

Augustine of Hippo

Late Medieval Period (to 1450)

Thomas Aquinas


The Renaissance

Geoffrey Chaucer

John Calvin

Nicolò Machiavelli

Thomas Hobbes

François Rabelais

Desiderius Erasmus

Michel de Montaigne

William Shakespeare

William Gilbert

Galileo Galilei

Miguel de Cervantes

Seventeenth Century

Francis Bacon

René Descartes

Benedict de Spinoza

John Milton

  • English Minor Poems | English Minor Poems; Paradise Lost; Samson Agonistes; Areopagitica
  • Sonnets | English Minor Poems; Paradise Lost; Samson Agonistes; Areopagitica
  • Psalms | English Minor Poems; Paradise Lost; Samson Agonistes; Areopagitica
  • Paradise Lost | English Minor Poems; Paradise Lost; Samson Agonistes; Areopagitica
  • Samson Agonistes | English Minor Poems; Paradise Lost; Samson Agonistes; Areopagitica
  • Arepagitica | English Minor Poems; Paradise Lost; Samson Agonistes; Areopagitica

Blaise Pascal


Jean Racine

Sir Isaac Newton

Christiaan Huygens

John Locke

Eighteenth Century

George Berkeley

David Hume

Jonathan Swift


Denis Diderot

Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Adam Smith

Edward Gibbon

American State Papers

Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay

Nineteenth Century

John Stuart Mill

James Boswell

Antoine Laurent Lavoisier

Michael Faraday

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Søren Kierkegaard

Friedrich Nietzsche

Alexis de Tocqueville

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Honoré de Balzac

Jane Austen

George Eliot

Charles Dickens

Herman Melville

Karl Marx

  • Capital | (Samuel Moore and Edward Aveling)

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

Leo Tolstoy

Fyodor Dostoevsky

Henrik Ibsen

William James (also see below)

Twentieth Century

Sigmund Freud

Philosophy and Religion: Philosophy

William James (also see above)
Henri Bergson
Alfred North Whitehead (also see below)
Bertrand Russell
Martin Heidegger
Ludwig Wittgenstein

Philosophy and Religion: Religion

Karl Barth

Natural Science: Physical Sciences

Henri Poincaré
Max Plank
Alfred North Whitehead (also see above)
Albert Einstein
Arthur Eddington
Werner Heisenberg

Natural Science: Life Sciences

Erwin Schrödinger
Theodosius Dobzhansky
C. H. Waddington

Social Science: Economics

Social Science: Anthropology, History and Sociology

James George Frazer
Max Weber
Johan Huizinga
Claude Lévi-Strauss

Imaginative Literature

George Bernard Shaw
Joseph Conrad
Anton Chekhov
Luigi Pirandello
Marcel Proust
  • Swann in Love (from Remembrance of Things Past) | (C.K. Scott Moncrieff and Terence Kilmartin)
Willa Cather
Thomas Mann
Virginia Woolf
Franz Kafka
D. H. Lawrence
T. S. Eliot
Eugene O’Neill
F. Scott Fitzgerald
William Faulkner
Bertolt Brecht
George Orwell
Samuel Beckett

Gateway to the Great Books

Gateway to the Great Books is a 10-volume series of books designed as an introduction to the Great Books of the Western World, published by the same organization and editors in 1952. The set included selections – short stories, plays, essays, letters, and extracts from longer works – by more than one hundred authors. The selections were generally shorter and in some ways simpler than the full-length books included in the Great Books.

  • A Letter to the Reader
  • Introduction

Imaginative Literature

Daniel DEFOE (1660-1731)

  • Robinson Crusoe

Rudyard KIPLING (1865-1936)

  • “Mowgli’s Brothers” from The Jungle Book

Victor HUGO (1802-1885)

  • “The Battle with the Cannon” from Ninety-three

Guy De MAUPASSANT (1850-1893)

  • “Two Friends”

Ernest HEMINGWAY (1899-1961)

  • “The Killers” from Men without Women

Sir Walter SCOTT (1771-1832)

  • “The Two Drovers” from Chronicles of the Canongate

Joseph CONRAD (1857-1924)

  • “Youth”

VOLTAIRE (1694-1778)

  • Micromegas

Oscar WILDE (1854- 1900)

  • “The Happy Prince” from The Happy Prince and Other Tales

Edgar Allan POE (1809-1849)

  • “The Tell-Tale Heart”
  • “The Masque of the Red Death”

Robert Louis STEVENSON (1850-1894)

  • The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

Mark TWAIN (Samuel Clemens 1835-1910)

  • The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg

Charles DICKENS (1812-1870)

  • “A Full and Faithful Report of the Memorable Trial of Bardell against Pickwick” from The Pickwick Papers

Nikolai GOGOL (1809-1852)

  • “The Overcoat”

Samuel BUTLER (1835-1902)

  • “Customs and Opinions of the Erewhonians” from Erewhon

Sherwood ANDERSON (1876-1941)

  • “I’m a Fool”

ANONYMOUS (c. early 13th Century)

  • Aucassin and Nicolette

Stephen CRANE (1871-1900)

  • “The Open Boat”

Herman MELVILLE (1819-1891)

  • “Billy Budd” from Billy Budd, Sailor

Ivan BUNIN (1870-1953)

  • “The Gentleman from San Francisco”

Nathaniel HAWTHORNE (1804-1864)

  • “Rappaccini’s Daughter” from Mosses from an Old Manse

George ELIOT (1819-1880)

  • “The Lifted Veil”

Lucius APULEIUS (fl. 2nd Century)

  • “Cupid and Psyche” from The Golden Ass

Ivan TURGENEV (1818-1883)

  • “First Love”

Fyodor DOSTOEVSKY (1828-1910)

  • “White Nights”

John GALSWORTHY (1867-1933)

  • “The Apple-Tree”

Gustave FLAUBERT (1821-1880)

  • “The Legend of St. Julian the Hospitaller” from Three Tales

F. Scott FITZGERALD (1869-1940)

  • “The Diamond as Big as the Ritz” from Tales of the Jazz Age

Honore De BALZAC (1799-1850)

  • “A Passion in the Desert”

Anton CHEKHOV (1860-1904)

  • “The Darling”

Isaac SINGER (b. 1904)

  • “The Spinoza of Market Street”

Alexander PUSHKIN (1799-1837)

  • “The Queen of Spades”

D. H. LAWRENCE (1885-1930)

  • “The Rocking-Horse Winner” from The Lovely Lady

Henry JAMES (1843-1916)

  • “The Pupil”

Thomas MANN (1875-1955)

  • “Mario and the Magician” from Stories of Three Decades

Isak DINESEN (1885-1962)

  • “Sorrow-Acre” from Winter’s Tales

Leo TOLSTOY (1828-1910)

  • “The Death of Ivan Ilyitch”
  • “The Three Hermits”
  • “What Men Live By”

MOLIERE (1622-1673)

  • The Misanthrope
  • The Doctor in Spite of Himself

Richard SHERIDAN (1751-1816)

  • The School for Scandal

Henrik IBSEN (1828-1906)

  • An Enemy of the People

Anton CHEKHOV (1860-1904)

  • The Cherry Orchard

George Bernard SHAW (1856-1950)

  • The Man of Destiny

John M. SYNGE (1871-1909)

  • Riders to the Sea

Eugene O’NEILL (1888-1953)

  • The Emperor Jones

Critical Essays

Virginia WOOLF (1882-1941)

  • “How Should One Read a Book?” from The Second Common Reader

Matthew ARNOLD (1822-1888)

  • “The Study of Poetry” from The English Poets, T. H. Ward, Ed.
  • “Sweetness and Light” from Culture and Anarchy

Charles Augustin SAINTE-BEUVE (1804-1869)

  • “What Is a Classic?”
  • “Montaigne”

Sir Francis BACON (1561-1626)

  • “Of Beauty” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Discourse” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Studies” from Essays, Civil and Moral

David HUME (1711-1776)

  • “Of the Standard of Taste” from Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary

Arthur SCHOPENHAUER (1788-1860)

  • “On Style” from Essays in Ethics and Politics
  • “On Some Forms of Literature” from Essays in Ethics and Politics
  • “On the Comparative Place of Interest and Beauty in Works of Art”

Friedrich SCHILLER (1759-1805)

  • “On Simple and Sentimental Poetry” from Essays Aesthetical and Philosophical

Percy Bysshe SHELLEY (1792-1822)

  • “A Defence of Poetry”

Walt WHITMAN (1819-1892)

  • Preface to Leaves of Grass

William HAZLITT (1778-1830)

  • “My First Acquaintance with Poets”
  • “On Swift”
  • “Of Persons One Would Wish to Have Seen”

Charles LAMB (1775-1834)

  • “My First Play”
  • “Dream Children, a Reverie”
  • “Sanity of True Genius”

Samuel JOHNSON (1709-1784)

  • Preface to Shakespeare

Thomas DE QUINCEY (1785-1859)

  • “Literature of Knowledge and Literature of Power”
  • “On the Knocking at the Gate in Macbeth”

Thomas Stearns ELIOT (1888-1965)

  • “Dante”
  • “Tradition and the Individual Talent” from Selected Essays (New Ed.)

Man and Society

John Stuart MILL (1806-1873)

  • “Childhood and Youth” from Autobiography

Mark TWAIN (Samuel Clemens 1835-1910)

  • “Learning the River” from Life an the Mississippi

Jean De LA BRUYERE (1645-1696)

  • “Characters” from A Book of Characters

Thomas CARLYLE (1795-1881)

  • “The Hero as King” from On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History

Ralph Waldo EMERSON (1803-1882)

  • “Thoreau”

Nathaniel HAWTHORNE (1804-1864)

  • “Sketch of Abraham Lincoln”

Walt WHITMAN (1819-1892)

  • “Death of Abraham Lincoln”

Virginia WOOLF (1882-1941)

  • “The Art of Biography” from The Death of the Moth

XENOPHON (c. 430 B.C.-c. 355 B.C.)

  • “The March to the Sea” from The Persian Expedition
  • “The Character of Socrates” from Memorabilia

William H. PRESCOTT (1796-1859)

  • “The Land of Montezuma” from The Conquest of Mexico

Haniel LONG (1888-1956)

  • “The Power within Us”

PLINY the Younger (c. 61-c. 113)

  • “The Eruption of Vesuvius” from Letters

Cornelius TACITUS (c. 55-c. 120)

  • “The Life of Gnaeus Julius Agricola”

Francois GUIZOT (1787-1874)

  • “Civilization” from History of Civilization in Europe

Henry ADAMS (1838-1918)

  • “The United States in 1800” from History of the United States of America

John Bagnell BURY (1861-1927)

  • “Herodotus” from The Ancient Greek Historians

LUCIAN (c. 125-c. 190)

  • “The Way to Write History”

Great Documents

  • The English Bill of Rights (1689)
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789)
  • The Virginia Declaration of Rights (1776)
  • The Declaration of Independence (1776)
  • Charter of the United Nations (1945)
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)

Thomas PAINE (1737-1809)

  • “A Call to Patriots – December 23, 1776” from The Crisis

George WASHINGTON (1732-1799)

  • “Circular Letter to the Governors of All the States on Disbanding the Army”
  • “The Farewell Address”

Thomas JEFFERSON (1743-1826)

  • “The Virginia Constitution” from Notes on Virginia
  • “First Inaugural Address”
  • “Biographical Sketches”

Benjamin FRANKLIN (1706-1790)

  • “A Proposal for Promoting Useful Knowledge among the British Plantations in America”
  • “Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pennsylvania”

Jean De CREVECOEUR (1735-1813)

  • “The Making of Americans” from Letters from an American Farmer

Alexis De TOCQUEVILLE (1805-1859)

  • “Observations on American Life and Government” from Democracy in America

Henry David THOREAU (1817-1862)

  • “Civil Disobedience”
  • “A Plea for Captain John Brown”

Abraham LINCOLN (1809-1865)

  • “Address at Cooper Institute”
  • “First Inaugural Address”
  • “Letter to Horace Greeley”
  • “Meditation on the Divine Will”
  • “The Gettysburg Address”
  • “Second Inaugural Address”
  • “Last Public Address”

Sir Francis BACON (1561-1626)

  • “Of Youth and Age” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Parents and Children” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Marriage and Single Life” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Great Place” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Seditions and Troubles” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Custom and Education” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Followers and Friends” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Usury” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Riches” from Essays, Civil and Moral

Jonathan SWIFT (1667-1745)

  • “Resolutions when I Come to Be Old”
  • “An Essay on Modern Education”
  • “A Meditation upon a Broomstick”
  • “A Modest Proposal for Preventing the Children of Ireland from Being a Burden to Their Parents or Country”

David HUME (1711-1776)

  • “Of Refinement in the Arts” from Essays, Moral, Political and Literary
  • “Of Money” from Essays, Moral, Political and Literary
  • “Of the Balance of Trade” from Essays, Moral, Political and Literary
  • “Of Taxes”from Essays, Moral, Political and Literary
  • “Of the Study of History” from Essays, Moral, Political and Literary

PLUTARCH (c. 46-120)

  • “Of Bashfulness” from Moralia

Robert Louis STEVENSON (1850-1894)

  • “The Lantern-Bearers” from Across the Plains

John RUSKIN (1819-1900)

  • “An Idealist’s Arraignment of the Age” from Four Clavigera

William JAMES (1842-1910)

  • “On a Certain Blindness in Human Beings”
  • “The Energies of Men”
  • “Great Men and Their Environment”

Arthur SCHOPENHAUER (1788-1860)

  • “On Education” from Studies in Pessimism


  • “Observations on Mental Education” from Lectures on Education

Edmund BURKE (1729-1797)

  • “Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol”

John C. CALHOUN (1782-1850)

  • “The Concurrent Majority” from A Disquisition on Government

Thomas Babington MACAULAY

  • “Machiavelli” from Critical and Historical Essays

VOLTAIRE (1694-1778)

  • “English Men and Ideas” from Letters on the English

DANTE Aligheri (1265-1321)

  • “On World Government” from De Monarchia

Jean Jacques ROUSSEAU (1712-1778)

  • “A Lasting Peace through the Federation of Europe” from A Lasting Peace through the Federation of Europe and the State of War

Immanuel KANT (1724-1804)

  • “Perpetual Peace”

Karl Von CLAUSEWITZ (1780-1831)

  • “What Is War?” from On War

Thomas Robert MALTHUS (1766-1834)

  • “The Principle of Population” from Population: The First Essay

Natural Science

Francis BACON (1561-1626)

  • “The Sphinx” from The Wisdom of the Ancients: A Series of Mythological Fables

John TYNDALL (1820-1893)

  • “Michael Faraday” from Faraday as a Discoverer

Eve CURIE (b. 1904)

  • “The Discovery of Radium” from Madame Curie

Charles Robert DARWIN (1809-1882)

  • “Autobiography” from Charles Darwin’s Autobiography

Jean Henri FABRE (1823-1915)

  • “A Laboratory of the Open Fields” from The Life of the Fly
  • “The Sacred Beetle” from The Sacred Beetle and Others

Loren EISELEY (b. 1907)

  • “On Time” from The Immense Journey

Rachel L. CARSON (1907-1964)

  • “The Sunless Sea” from The Sea Around Us

J. B. S. HALDANE (1892-1964)

  • “On Being the Right Size” from Possible Worlds

Thomas Henry HUXLEY (1825-1895)

  • “On the Relations of Man to the Lower Animals” from Man’s Place in Nature and Other Anthropological Essays
  • “On a Piece of Chalk”

Sir Francis GALTON (1822-1911)

  • “The Classification of Human Ability” from Hereditary Genius

Claude BERNARD (1813-1878)

  • “Experimental Considerations Common to Living Things and Inorganic Bodies” from An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine

Ivan Petrovich PAVLOV (1849-1936)

  • “Scientific Study of the So-called Psychical Processes in the Higher Animals” from Lectures on Conditioned Reflexes

Friedrich WOHLER (1800-1882)

  • “On the Artificial Production of Urea”

Sir Charles LYELL (1797-1875)

  • “Geological Evolution” from The Principles of Geology

GALILEO Galilei (1564-1642)

  • “The Starry Messenger”

Tommaso CAMPANELLA (1568-1639)

  • “Arguments for and against Galileo” from The Defense of Galileo

Michael FARADAY (1791-1867)

  • The Chemical History of a Candle

Dmitri MENDELEEV (1834-1907)

  • “The Genesis of a Law of Nature” from The Periodic Law of the Chemical Elements

H. L. F. Von HELMHOLTZ (1821-1894)

  • “On the Conservation of Force”

Albert EINSTEIN (1879-1955) & Leopold INFELD (1898-1968)

  • “The Rise and Decline of Classical Physics” from The Evolution of Physics

Sir Arthur EDDINGTON (1882-1944)

  • “The Running-Down of the Universe” from Nature and the Physical World

Sir James JEANS (1877-1946)

  • “Beginnings and Endings” from The Universe Around Us

Kees BOEKE (b. 1884)

  • “Cosmic View”

Lancelot HOGBEN (b. 1895)

  • “Mathematics, the Mirror of Civilization” from Mathematics for the Million

Andrew Russell FORSYTH (1858-1942)

  • “Mathematics, in Life and Thought”

Alfred North WHITEHEAD (1861-1947)

  • “On Mathematical Method” from An Introduction to Mathematics
  • “On the Nature of a Calculus” from A Treatise on Universal Algebra

Bertrand RUSSELL (1872-1970)

  • “The Study of Mathematics” from Mysticism and Logic
  • “Mathematics and the Metaphysicians” from Mysticism and Logic
  • “Definition of Number” from Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy

Edward KASNER (1878-1955) and James R. NEWMAN (1907-1966)

  • “New Names for Old” from Mathematics and the Imagination
  • “Beyond the Googol” from Mathematics and the Imagination

Tobias DANTZIG (1884-1956)

  • “Fingerprints” from Number: the Language of Science
  • “The Empty Column” from Number: the Language of Science

Leonhard EULER (1707-1783)

  • “The Seven Bridges of Konigsberg”

Norman Robert CAMPBELL (1880-1949)

  • “Measurement” from What Is Science?
  • “Numerical Laws and the Use of Mathematics in Science” from What Is Science?

William Kingdon CLIFFORD (1845-1879)

  • “The Postulates of the Science of Space” from The Common Sense of the Exact Sciences


  • “Space” from Science and Hypothesis
  • “Mathematical Creation”
  • “Chance” from Science and Method

Pierre Simon De LAPLACE (1749-1827)

  • “Probability” from A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities

Charles Sanders PEIRCE (1839-1914)

  • “The Red and the Black”

Philosophical Essays

John ERSKINE (1879-1951)

  • “The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent” from The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent

William Kingdon CLIFFORD (1845-1879)

  • “The Ethics of Belief” from Lectures and Essays

William JAMES (1842-1910)

  • “The Will to Believe” from The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy
  • “The Sentiment of Rationality” from The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy

John DEWEY (1859-1852)

  • “The Process of Thought” from How We Think

EPICURUS (c. 341 B.C.-c. 271 B.C.)

  • “Letter to Herodotus”
  • “Letter to Menoeceus”

EPICTETUS (c. 60-c. 138)

  • The Enchiridion

Walter Horatio PATER (1839-1894)

  • “The Art of Life” from The Renaissance

PLUTARCH (c. 46-120)

  • “Contentment” from Moralia

CICERO (106-43 B.C.)

  • “On Friendship”
  • “On Old Age”

Sir Francis BACON (1561-1626)

  • “Of Truth” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Death” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Adversity” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Love” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Friendship” from Essays, Civil and Moral
  • “Of Anger” from Essays, Civil and Moral

George SANTAYANA (1863-1952)

  • “Lucretius” from Three Philosophical Poets
  • “Goethe’s Faust” from Three Philosophical Poets

Henry ADAMS (1838-1910)

  • “St. Thomas Aquinas” from Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres

VOLTAIRE (1694-1778)

  • “The Philosophy of Common Sense” from Philosophical Dictionary

John Stuart MILL (1806-1873)

  • “Nature” from Three Essays on Religion

Ralph Waldo EMERSON (1803-1882)

  • “Nature” from Essays, Second Series
  • “Self-Reliance” from Essays, First Series
  • “Montaigne; or, the Skeptic” from Representative Men

William HAZLITT (1778-1830)

  • “On the Feeling of Immortality in Youth”

Sir Thomas BROWNE (1605-1682)

  • “Immortality” from Urn-Burial
  • ALAIN-FOURNIER (real name Henri Alban Fournier), The Wanderer, 1913
  • ALCOTT, LOUISA MAY, Little Women, 1868
  • AMIS, KINGSLEY, Lucky Jim, 1954
  • ANONYMOUS, The Arabian Nights, 8th to 15th Century
  • ANONYMOUS, Burnt Nial, tr. G. W. Dasent, 12th Century
  • ANONYMOUS, The Nibelungenlied, c. 1200
  • ANONYMOUS, The Song of Roland, tr. A. S. Way, c. 800
  • ANONYMOUS, The Romance of Tristan and Iseult, tr. H. Belloc and P. Rosenfeld, 1210
  • AUSTEN, JANE, Pride and Prejudice, 1813
  • AUSTEN, JANE, Emma, 1815
  • BAKER, DOROTHY, Young Man with a Horn, 1938
  • BALZAC, HONORE DE, Eugénie Grandet, 1833
  • BALZAC, HONORE DE, Old Goriot, 1835
  • BELLAMY, EDWARD, Looking Backward: 2000—1887, 1888
  • BOWEN, ELIZABETH, The Death of the Heart, 1938
  • BRONTË, CHARLOTTE, Jane Eyre, 1847
  • BRONTË, EMILY, Wuthering Heights, 1847
  • BUCK, PEARL, The Good Earth, 1931
  • BUNYAN, JOHN, The Pilgrim’s Progress from This World to the Next, 1678
  • BUTLER, SAMUEL, The Way of All Flesh, 1903
  • CAMUS, ALBERT, The Stranger, 1942
  • CARROLL, LEWIS, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, 1865
  • CARROLL, LEWIS, Through the Looking-Glass, 1872
  • CATHER, WILLA, My Antonia, 1918
  • CLARK, WALTER VAN TILBURG, The Ox-Bow Incident, 1940
  • CLEMENS, SAMUEL LANGHORNE (“Mark Twain”), The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, 1884
  • COLLINS, WILKIE, The Woman in White, 1860
  • CONRAD, JOSEPH, Heart of Darkness, 1902
  • CONSTANT, BENJAMIN, Adolphe, 1815
  • COZZENS, JAMES GOULD, Guard of Honor, 1948
  • CRANE, STEPHEN, The Red Badge of Courage, 1895
  • DICKENS, CHARLES, David Copperfield, 1850
  • DICKENS, CHARLES, A Tale of Two Cities, 1859
  • DICKENS, CHARLES, Great Expectations, 1861
  • DIDEROT, DENIS, Rameau’s Nephew, 1785
  • DOSTOESSKY, FYODOR, Crime and Punishment, 1S66
  • DOYLE, CONAN, The White Company, 1891
  • DREISER, THEODORE, An American Tragedy, 1925
  • DUMAS, ALEXANDRE (père), The Three Musketeers, 1844
  • ELIOT, GEORGE, Middlemarch, 1872
  • FITZGERALD, F. SCOTT, The Great Gatsby, 1925
  • FLAUBERT, GUSTAVE, Madame Bovary, 1857
  • FORESTER, C. S., Captain Horatio Hornblower, 1939
  • FORSTER, E. M., A Passage to India, 1924
  • GALSWORTHY, JOHN, The Man of Property, 1906
  • GIDE, ANDRÉ, The Counterfeiters, 1925
  • GLASGOW, ELLEN, Vein of Iron, 1935
  • GOGOL, NIK0LA1, Dead Souls, 1842
  • GOODRICH, MARCUS, Delilah, 1941
  • GUTHRIE, JR., A. B., The Big Sky, 1947
  • HARDY, THOMAS, The Return of the Native, 1878
  • HASEK, JAROSLAV, The Good Soldier, Schweik, 1923
  • HAWTHORNE, NATHANIEL, The Scarlet Letter, 1850
  • HEMINGWAY, ERNEST, The Old Man and the Sea, 1952
  • HERSEY, JOHN, A Bell for Adano, 1944
  • HUDSON, W. H., Green Mansions, 1904
  • HUGHES, RICHARD, The Innocent Voyage (also published as A High Wind in Jamaica), 1929
  • HUGO, VICTOR, Les Misérables, 1862
  • HUXLEY, ALDOUS, Brave New World, 1932
  • JAMES, HENRY, The American, 1877
  • JAMES, HENRY, The Portrait of a Lady, 1881
  • JOHNSON, SAMUEL, Rasselas Prince of Abyssinia, 1759
  • JOYCE, JAMES, Dubliners, 1914
  • KAFKA, FRANZ, The Trial, 1925
  • KAFKA, FRANZ, The Castle, 1926
  • KIPLING, RUDYARD, Kim, 1901
  • LAFAYETTE, MME. DE, The Princess of Cleves, 1678
  • LAWRENCE, D. H., Sons and Lovers, 1913
  • LEWIS, SINCLAIR, Babbitt, 1922
  • LONDON, JACK, The Sea-Wolf, 1904
  • LONGUS, Daphnis and Chloe, 4th or 5th century
  • MCCULLERS, CARSON, A Member of the Wedding, 1946
  • MALORY, THOMAS, Le Morte dArthur, 1485
  • MANZONI, ALESSANDRO, The Betrothed, 1826
  • MAUGHAM, W. SOMERSET, Of Human Bondage, 1915
  • MEREDITH, GEORGE, The Egoist, 1879
  • MERIMÉE, PROSPER, Carmen, 1847
  • MITCHELL, MARGARET, Gone with the Wind, 1936
  • MUNTZ, HOPE, The Golden Warrior, 1948
  • ORWELL, GEORGE, Animal Farm, 1945
  • PATON, ALAN, Cry, The Beloved Country, 1948
  • PUSHKIN, ALEXANDER, The Captain’s Daughter, 1836
  • RAWLINGS, MARJORIE KINNAN, The Yearling, 1938
  • RENAULT, MARY, The Last of the Wine, 1956
  • SALINGER, J. D., The Catcher in the Rye, 1951
  • SCOTT, WALTER, The Heart of Midlothian, 1818
  • SCOTT, WALTER, Ivanhoe, 1820
  • SHELLEY, MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT, Frankenstein, 1818
  • SMOLLETT, TOBIAS, The Expedition of Humphry Clinker, 1770
  • SNOW, C. P., The Masters, 1951
  • STEINBECK, JOHN, The Red Pony, 1937
  • STENDHAL (Marie Henri Beyle), The Red and the Black, 1830
  • STENDHAL (Marie Henri Beyle), The Charterhouse of Parma, 1839
  • STEPHENS, JAMES, The Crock of Gold, 1912
  • STEVENSON, ROBERT LOUIS, Treasure Island, 1883
  • STEVENSON, ROBERT LOUIS, Kidnapped, 1886
  • THACKERAY, WILLIAM MAKEPEACE, Vanity Fair, 1847—48
  • TOLSTOY, LEO, Anna Karenina, 1875—77
  • TROLLOPE, ANTHONY, Barchester Towers, 1857
  • TURGENEV, IVAN, Fathers and Sons, 1862
  • VERGA, GIOVANNI, The House by the Medlar Tree, 1890
  • VITTORINI, ELIO, In Sicily, 1949
  • WELLS, H. G., The Time Machine, 1895
  • WOLFE, THOMAS, Look Homeward, Angel, 1929
  • WOOLF, VIRGINIA, To the Lighthouse, 1927
  • WOUK, HERMAN, The Caine Mutiny, 1951
  • YOURCENAR, MARGUERITE, Memoirs of Hadrian, 1954
Anthologies of World Poetry
  • An Anthology of World Poetry, ed. Mark Van Doren. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc.
  • A Little Treasury of World Poetry, ed. Hubert Creekmore. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons
  • The Worlds Best Poems, ed. Mark Van Doren and Garibaldi M. Lapolla. Cleveland: World Publishing Co.
Anthologies Mainly or Wholly of English and American Poetry
  • An Anthology of Famous English and American Poetry, ed. William Rose Benet and Conrad Aiken. New York: Modern Library
  • A Concise Treasury of Great Poems, ed. Louis Untermeyer. New York: Permabooks, Inc.
  • Fifty Great Poets, ed. Milton Crane. New York: Bantam Books
  • The Golden Treasury of English Songs and Lyrics, ed. Francis Turner Palgrave. New York: Dolphin Books. This is a reprint of the original ( 1861) edition of this famous collection. The anthology, with additional selections, has been many times re-issued.
  • Immortal Poems of the English Language, ed. Oscar Williams. New York: Washington Square Press, Inc.
  • A Little Treasury of Modern Poetry, ed. Oscar Williams. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. Williams has edited several other anthologies in the Little Treasury series, all published by Scribners.
  • Modern American Poetry and Modern British Poetry, ed. Louis Untermeyer. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc. This one-volume edition contains both of Untermeyer’s famous anthologies.
  • The Oxford Book of American Verse, ed. F. O. Matthiessen. New York: Oxford University Press
  • The Oxford Book of English Verse, ed. Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch. New York: Oxford University Press. This anthology, first published in 1900, has been recently brought up to date by the addition of later poems.
  • The Pocket Book of Verse, ed. M. E. Speare. New York: Washington Square, Inc.
  • Six Centuries of Great Poetry, ed. Robert Penn Warren and Albert Erskine. New York: Dell—Laurel Poetry Series
  • The Viking Portable Poets of the English Language, ed. W. H. Auden and Norman Holmes Pearson, in five volumes: Vol. I, Medieval and Renaissance Poets; Vol. Il, Elizabethan and Jacobean Poets; Vol. Ill Restoration and Augustan Poets; Vol. IV, Romantic Poets; Vol. V, Victorian and Edwardian Poets. New York: Viking Press
Anthologies of Poetry in Other Languages
  • Greek Lyric Poetry, tr. Willis Barnstone. New York: Bantam Books
  • Poems from the Greek Anthology, tr. Dudley Fitts. New York: New Directions Paperbacks
  • The Latin Poets, ed. Francis R. B. Godolphin. New York: Modern Library
  • An Anthology of Spanish Poetry from Garciloso to Garcia Lorca, in English translation with Spanish originals, ed. Angel Flores. New York: Doubleday Anchor Books
  • An Anthology of French Poetry from Newal to Valéry, in English translation with French originals, ed. Angel Flores. New York: Doubleday Anchor Books
  • An Anthology of Russian Verse, ed. Avrahm Yarmolinsky. New York: Doubleday Anchor Books
Anthologies with Extensive Editorial Comment
  • Exploring Poetry, ed. M. L. Rosenthal and A. J. M. Smith. New York: Macmillan Co. This is an introduction to poetry through the analysis of many individual poems.
  • Introduction to Poetry, ed. Mark Van Doren. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Inc. This work combines an anthology of English and American poetry with discussion of many poems.
  • The Poem Itself, ed. Stanley Burnshaw. Cleveland: Meridian Books. This is a collection of original poems in French, German, Spanish, Portuguese and Italian, with translations and extensive comment.
  • Understanding Poetry, ed. Cleanth Brooks and Robert Penn Warren. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, Inc. This is an anthology of English and American poetry with critical interpretations

The Great Ideas Program

The Great Ideas Program is a 10-volume series of books designed as a way to introduce a reader to the Great Books of the Western World, published by the same organization and editors in 1959. Each volume is a program of reading from the Great Books, organized around a particular theme or idea. Each reading is accompanied by a guide with background information and self-testing questions to check the thoroughness of your reading and make sure you made note of the major points of interest.

Volume 1 – An Introduction to the Great Books and to a Liberal Education

  1. Plato, Apology & Crito
  2. Plato, Republic, Book I & Book II
  3. Sophocles, Oedipus the King & Antigone
  4. Aristotle, Nichomachean Ethics, Book I
  5. Aristotle, Politics, Book I
  6. Plutarch, The Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans – Lycurgus, Numa Pompilius, Lycurgus and Numa Compared, Alexander, & Caesar
  7. The Old Testament, Job
  8. St. Augustine, The Confessions, Books I-VIII
  9. Montaigne, The Essays – “Of Custom, and Not Easily Changing an Accepted Law”, “Of Pedantry”, “Of the Education of Children”, “It is Folly to Measure the True and False by our Own Capacity”, “Of Cannibals”, “That the Taste of Good and Evil depends in Large Part on the View We Have of Them”
  10. Shakespeare, “Hamlet”
  11. John Locke, “Concerning Civil Government (Second Essay)”
  12. Jonathan Swift, Gulliver’s Travels
  13. Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Volume I – Chapters XV-XVI
  14. American State Papers – The Declaration of Independence, The Constitution of the United States, The Federalist Papers – Nos. 1-10, No. 15, No. 31, No. 47, No. 51, & Nos. 68-72
  15. Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels, Manifesto of the Communist Party

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